Air pollution costs the UK economy £15 billion every year in damage to human health, not including the cost of damage to our environment and crops.


In the 1970s and 1980s CEH evidence showed how airborne sulphur was deposited as ‘acid rain’ in UK lakes and soils. This scientific understanding was pivotal in establishing international protocols that successfully reduced sulphur pollution in the UK by 80 per cent.

Since 2000 ground breaking CEH research has shown how airborne nitrogen oxides are reducing biodiversity and damaging our soils.

The Europe-wide cost of nitrogen pollution is £280 billion a year. Now CEH science is being used by UN, EU and UK legislators to establish safe limits for emissions and to set quality standards for our air, water and soil.  (Securing the value of nature)