Government’s 2011 UK National Ecosystem Assessment used CEH expertise to value nature’s services.

It estimated, for example, that the pollination of food crops by bees and other insects is worth £430 million to the UK each year. Decades of CEH research helped reveal the decline of insect pollinators and its causes – changing agricultural practices, reduced wildflower diversity, pesticides and disease.


CEH worked with Defra, BBSRC, ESRC and agriculture companies to help farmers restore pollinators through smarter government regulation and stewardship schemes, low-cost wild seed mixes for crop margins, and replacing chemical pesticides with bio-pesticides. NERC is stepping up its national partnership research – with government, business, BBSRC and charities – to support healthy pollinator populations and a sustainable agri-food sector.  (Securing the value of nature)